Nine Catalan separatist leaders have been cleared of violent rebellion over their roles in the failed bid for regional independence two years ago but found guilty of the lesser crimes of sedition and misuse of public funds.
The region?€?s former vice-president Oriol Junqueras was convicted of sedition and misuse of public funds by Spain?€?s supreme court, and sentenced to 13 years in prison. He was also banned from holding public office for 13 years.
Syrian troops have begun sweeping into Kurdish-held territory on a collision course with Turkish forces and their allies, a day after the beleaguered Kurds agreed to hand over key cities to Damascus in exchange for protection.
The deal, which Kurdish leaders emphasised they had made reluctantly after four days of relentless bombardment by Turkish artillery and jets, threatens to open a new front in Syria?€?s nearly nine-year civil war, and signals the likely end of US and European military deployments in the country?€?s north-east.
Rolling coverage of the day?€?s political developments as they happen, including the Queen?€?s speech and Johnson and Corbyn speaking in the subsequent debate
Downing Street has expressed scepticism at the idea the UK could part-exit the EU on 31 October - agreeing a deal to satisfy political demand while allowing a ?€?technical extension?€? for details to be finalised.
Asked about the idea, which would allow Boris Johnson to reach an interim agreement at the European Council summit this week while giving more time for parliament and the EU to approve it, Johnson?€?s spokesman said: ?€?It?€?s news to me that something like that is even possible.?€?
The prime minister has been clear on many occasions that we are going to leave on 31 October.
The Queen is now on the throne in the Lords.
But MPs are still in the Commons. They now need to be summoned by Black Rod.
Early results of parliamentary election show party has done even better than four years ago
Poland?€?s ruling nationalist Law and Justice party has won Sunday?€?s parliamentary election, doing better than when it swept to power four years ago, according to nearly complete results.
According to official results from 91% of constituencies published by the electoral committee on Monday, Law and Justice took 44.6% of the vote, ahead of the country?€?s biggest opposition grouping, the liberal centre-right Civic Coalition, on 26.7%, and the Left alliance on 12.3%.
Two women whose accounts of sexual misconduct by Harvey Weinstein kick-started the #MeToo movement have warned that the allegations against the film mogul are ?€?only the tip of the iceberg?€?.
Speaking two years after press reports first detailed abuse by Weinstein, his former assistant and theatre producer, Zelda Perkins, and Bafta-award-winning actor Rosanna Arquette, hailed a ?€?profound transformation?€? but told the Guardian there were likely more revelations to come about high-profile men abusing their positions.
Doctored scene from a violent film shows the US president attacking CNN, Politico, Hillary Clinton and John McCain
A mocked-up video depicting US president Donald Trump stabbing and shooting his political opponents and the media has reportedly been shown at a meeting of the president?€?s supporters at his Miami resort.
The New York Times reported on Sunday that the video, which has since been posted on Twitter, shows a scene from Kingsman: The Secret Service, edited to appear as though Trump is stabbing and opening fire on people and news organisations in a church.
Thousands take to streets after two polls give conservative academic more than 70% of the vote
A low-profile, conservative law professor has beaten a charismatic media magnate released from prison last week in Tunisia?€?s presidential election runoff, according to exit polls.
In a contest that reflected Tunisia?€?s shifting post-revolution political landscape, Kais Saied scooped more than 70% of the vote, according to two exit polls, more than 40 points ahead of Nabil Karoui. The official results are expected later on Monday.
Nations counts its losses after deadly storm dumped 40% of average annual rainfall in some areas
More than 110,000 rescuers were searching for survivors in Japan in the wake of super-typhoon Hagibis, which has already claimed 40 lives.
The storm, which over the weekend dumped 40% of average annual rainfall on some areas, caused at least 25 rivers across the country to burst their banks, leading to vast tracts of land being flooded. By Monday at least 16 people were still missing and 200 were confirmed injured.
Jacinda Ardern says government will double its investigative operation and track down content in a similar manner to child abuse material
The New Zealand government will create a dedicated investigative team to find and prosecute terrorist and extremist content online, seven months after a gunman live-streamed the mass murder of 51 worshippers at two Christchurch mosques.
Prime minister Jacinda Ardern said NZ$17m would be spent over four years to employ 17 new full-time staff, allowing the department of internal affairs to double its investigative, forensic, intelligence and prevention work in partnership with other countries.
Fatbergs clogging city sewers consist of 0.5% fat and 93% wet wipes - so a new campaign encourages people dispose of wipes responsibly
Andy Serkis is familiar with playing malevolent creatures that lurk in the darkness, so it is perhaps fitting that the Lord of the Rings actor is now raising awareness about the unsightly horrors that lie in the UK?€?s sewers.
A new campaign is warning against flushing wet wipes down the toilet. It turns out that the ?€?fatbergs?€? clogging up our city sewers actually consist of just 0.5% fat and 93% wet wipes. Perhaps we should be calling them ?€?wipebergs?€?.
Green growth and ?€?hedonistic sustainability?€? have helped keep the public on board as the Danish capital seeks to reach its goal by 2025 - and so far it?€?s all going according to plan
?€?We call it hedonistic sustainability,?€? says Jacob Simonsen of the decision to put an artificial ski slope on the roof of the £485m Amager Resource Centre (Arc), Copenhagen?€?s cutting-edge new waste-to-energy power plant. ?€?It?€?s not just good for the environment, it?€?s good for life.?€?
Skiing is just one of the activities that Simonsen, Arc?€?s chief executive, and Bjarke Ingels, its lead architect, hope will enhance the latest jewel in Copenhagen?€?s sustainability crown. The incinerator building also incorporates hiking and running trails, a street fitness gym and the world?€?s highest outdoor climbing wall, an 85-metre ?€?natural mountain?€? complete with overhangs that rises the full height of the main structure.
?€?If cities are invited to be at the table, I believe they will help accelerate the work that needs to be done?€? said LA mayor Eric Garcetti
US mayors are seeking to go over President Trump?€?s head and negotiate directly at next month?€?s UN climate change conference in Santiago, they said as they met in Copenhagen for the C40 World Mayors Summit.
Los Angeles mayor Eric Garcetti, who rallied US mayors to commit to the Paris climate agreement after Trump announced his intention to withdraw the country in 2017, said he would ask the UN secretary general, António Guterres, on Thursday to give American cities a new role in UN climate talks.
?€?I?€?m going to bring it up with the UN secretary general,?€? Garcetti said. ?€?If cities are invited to be at the table, I believe they will help accelerate the work that needs to be done. Hopefully, we can do it in concert with our national governments, but [we can do it] even where there is conflict.?€?
Garcetti, who was announced on Wednesday as the next chair of the C40 group of global cities, said he would use his position to seek ?€?a more formal role in the deliberations?€? at the conference.
?€?The United Nations works directly with cities all the time ... so they shouldn?€?t feel feel scared about jumping down to that local level,?€? he said.
She has barely ever been in a car, and never eaten meat or flown. Now 31, she lives on the 15th floor of a city centre tower from where she can just see the ocean 500 yards away on one side and the suburbs and informal settlements sprawling as far as the eye can see on the other.
Life is OK in this megacity. She earns the exact median income and is as green as she feels she can be: she has no children yet, her carbon footprint is negligible, and her apartment, built in the early 2000s, has been retrofitted for climate change with deep insulation, its own solar air-con and heating systems.
As developers aim to turn France?€?s busiest train station into a gargantuan airport-style mall, Parisians fear for the local neighbourhood - and the station?€?s soul
?€?When you tell people in Paris you live near the Gare du Nord, they usually grimace,?€? sighed Sarah, a French academic in her 50s who has lived on a narrow, traffic-choked street next to Europe?€?s busiest station for 30 years.
?€?Architecturally, the station building is superb. But neighbourhoods around stations are never easy, wherever they are in the world.?€?
In an exclusive global series, the Guardian lays bare the revolution and the wreckage that is engulfing the welfare state worldwide
All around the world, from small-town Illinois in the US to Rochdale in England, from the Pacific shore of Perth, Australia, to Dumka in northern India, a revolution is under way in how governments treat the poor.
You can?€?t see it happening, and may have heard nothing about it. It?€?s being planned by engineers and coders behind closed doors, in secure government locations far from public view.
Hopes of a Brexit breakthrough surged after Leo Varadkar and Boris Johnson went for a walk in the Wirral and declared ?€?a pathway to a possible deal?€?. Four days later it is increasingly obvious that the pathway is steep and strewn with rocks.
After a weekend of Brexit talks, the EU?€?s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, gave EU diplomats a bleak account of progress on Sunday night. At the heart of the problem is the same old Brexit conundrum: how can the UK quit the EU customs union and single market while maintaining an open border with Ireland to protect peace on the island.
The region makes up more than a quarter of the entire country and is the largest area outside of the control of the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, and his allies. Until Turkey launched its latest offensivethere on 9 October, it was controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which comprises militia groups representing a range of ethnicities, though its backbone is Kurdish. The Kurds are an ethnic group of about 30 million people spread across the Middle East who have been fighting for their own state for more than a century.
Legend has it that Faroto tribesmen once defended their community in north Colombia by dressing as women to lure Spanish conquistadors into an ambush. In a country ravaged by civil conflict, the annual ?€?danza de las Foratas?€? keeps the indigenous tradition alive and contributes to dialogue and peace-building
Joel Fitzgibbon?€?s climate change ?€?settlement?€? is rejected but Labor will allow the government?€?s ?€?big stick?€? energy policy to pass
Joel Fitzgibbon has copped a blast in the left and right caucus meetings for declaring Labor should adopt the Coalition?€?s Paris emissions reduction target rather than pursue ambitious cuts to carbon pollution.
In a country where decades of conflict have taken a profound toll on mental health, professional support is scarce
Human Rights Watch has raised alarms over the lack of mental health support in wartorn Afghanistan, where more than half of the population is experiencing psychological distress.
The advocacy group said that, despite the high prevalence of psychological and mental health conditions, the Afghan government is failing to provide adequate help, with fewer than 10% of the country?€?s population receiving assistance.
HRW cited a 2018 EU survey that said the overwhelming majority of the country?€?s population (85%) have seen or been involved in at least one traumatic event in their lives.
After religious leaders tried to stop girls taking part in the sport, local coaches came up with an unlikely solution
A secret pitch where girls can play football away from the disapproving gaze of religious leaders and the rise of a top female football referee are among the unlikely success stories emerging from a refugee camp in north Lebanon.
Under the aegis of a project to encourage learning through sport, Nahr el-Bared, a camp where thousands of Palestinian and Syrian refugees continue to live hand-to-mouth in dire conditions, has become the improbable setting for a minor cultural revolution.
To mark International Day of the Girl, we asked teenage girls around the world how they learned about sex and relationships
A quarter of a century ago, a landmark conference recognised reproductive rights and women?€?s equality as central to sustainable development. But many girls worldwide still face a struggle to access information about sexual and reproductive health, with far-reaching consequences.
To mark International Day of the Girl on Friday, we?€?ve asked teenage girls around the world about their experience of sex education. How did they learn about sex and how did this shape their view of relationships? Can they access contraceptives? Are they able to resist pressure to have sex?
On Monday, Spain?€?s supreme court announced its verdict in the landmark trial of 12 Catalan leaders accused of rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds over their roles in the failed push for regional independence two years ago.
Nine of them were cleared of violent rebellion but convicted of the lesser charges of sedition and misuse of public funds.
After the latest atrocity by pro-Turkey forces, the long era of impunity may be near an end
Actual or suspected war crimes have been reported at every stage of Syria?€?s long-running civil war - and Turkey?€?s latest cross-border incursion has unleashed another wave of atrocities, including executions of civilians and other alleged crimes against humanity.
But despite huge amounts of documentary evidence collected since 2011 by the UN and independent human rights groups, the perpetrators of such crimes in Syria, whether they are governments, armed factions or individuals, have mostly escaped punishment. This has encouraged a sense of impunity among wrongdoers - and dismay among victims.
Japan?€?s Typhoon Hagibis made landfall south of Tokyo on Saturday evening with heavy rain, which flooded the city and surrounding areas. The death toll has reached 36 and many people are still missing. Emergency workers swung into action, with helicopters plucking people from flooded buildings and police swimming through waters looking for missing people
Rescue efforts have begun in Japan following Typhoon Hagibis, which flooded Tokyo and surrounding areas and left at least 25 dead and 15 missing.
Hagibis, one of the strongest storms to hit Japan in decades, made landfall south of Tokyo on Saturday evening and moved northward. It brought torrential rain and ferocious winds, causing widespread damage
Japan has been engulfed by heavy rain and strong winds as what is feared to be the worst storm for six decades batters the country and approaches Tokyo. Rivers swelled, boats flipped over and seas were whipped up by Typhoon Hagibis. The storm is expected to hit the capital later on Saturday
US congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez gave a speech at a global mayors event on Friday, highlighting that the world's most advanced and richest economies are failing to take sufficient steps to combat climate change. Ocasio-Cortez's voice began to crack as she spoke about the future of any children she might have, stating that it was the current population's responsibility to steer the world away from environmental jeopardy
Turkey has pressed ahead with its assault on US-allied Kurdish forces in northern Syria, forcing thousands of civilians to flee airstrikes and shelling. The military action has deepened fears of a humanitarian and political crisis, as the Guardian's Middle East correspondent, Bethan McKernan, explains
'We will open our borders and send 3.6 million refugees your way,' said the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdo?an, in a stark warning to European countries if they criticise Turkey's military action in northern Syria.
Turkish troops advanced into north-eastern Syria following airstrikes aimed at Kurdish-led forces in the region
Large number of US citizens demonstrated against the war in Iraq (and the possible war in Iran) during this October weekend. Massive turnout in Boston and San Fransisco, and also in Chicago, LA and DC people took to the streets. The message was: NO more war in Iraq! NO to a war with Iran!